02-notein-object.py - How to use the Notein object.

This example shows how to use the Notein object to control audio processes with events received from a MIDI keyboard (virtual or not).

from pyo import *

s = Server()
s.setMidiInputDevice(99)  # Open all input devices.

# Default arguments of the Notein object.
# - 10 voices of polyphony, which means that this object will manage
#   10 pitch/velocity streams simultaneously.
# - scale=0 means that the pitch information will be MIDI numbers.
#   Use 1 for Hertz and 2 for transposition factors.
# - first and last arguments are the lowest and highest MIDI notes
#   that this object will handle. This is useful to split the complete
#   range over multiple processes.
# - channel is the MIDI channel this object will listen to. 0 means all
#   channels.
# - The mul argument affects velocities, which are already normalized
#   between 0 and 1.
notes = Notein(poly=10, scale=0, first=0, last=127, channel=0, mul=1)

# User can show a keyboard widget to supply MIDI events.

# Notein["pitch"] retrieves pitch streams.
# Converts MIDI pitch to frequency in Hertz.
freqs = MToF(notes["pitch"])

# Notein["velocity"] retrieves normalized velocity streams.
# Applies a portamento on the velocity changes.
amps = Port(notes["velocity"], risetime=0.005, falltime=0.5, mul=0.1)

# Creates two groups of oscillators (10 per channel), slightly detuned.
sigL = RCOsc(freq=freqs, sharp=0.5, mul=amps)
sigR = RCOsc(freq=freqs * 1.003, sharp=0.5, mul=amps)

# Mixes the 10 voices per channel to a single stream and send the
# signals to the audio output.
outL = sigL.mix(1).out()
outR = sigR.mix(1).out(1)

# Notein["trigon"] sends a trigger when a voice receive a noteon.
# Notein["trigoff"] sends a trigger when a voice receive a noteoff.

# These functions are called when Notein receives a MIDI note event.
def noteon(voice):
    "Print pitch and velocity for noteon event."
    pit = int(notes["pitch"].get(all=True)[voice])
    vel = int(notes["velocity"].get(all=True)[voice] * 127)
    print("Noteon: voice = %d, pitch = %d, velocity = %d" % (voice, pit, vel))

def noteoff(voice):
    "Print pitch and velocity for noteoff event."
    pit = int(notes["pitch"].get(all=True)[voice])
    vel = int(notes["velocity"].get(all=True)[voice] * 127)
    print("Noteoff: voice = %d, pitch = %d, velocity = %d" % (voice, pit, vel))

# TrigFunc calls a function when it receives a trigger. Because notes["trigon"]
# contains 10 streams, there will be 10 caller, each one with its own argument,
# taken from the list of integers given at `arg` argument.
tfon = TrigFunc(notes["trigon"], noteon, arg=list(range(10)))
tfoff = TrigFunc(notes["trigoff"], noteoff, arg=list(range(10)))